Monday, November 4, 2019

How to setup your own Home aquarium

Home aquarium

The simplest form of fish to display would use a single fish bowl or a small 2-gallon home aquarium. Using either would require some substrate (gravel) and decorations. You might use cold-water fish such as Bettas (Siamese Fighting Fish or Goldfish. Both like colder water, which means it's unnecessary to have a heater. Fishbowls also don't require filtration. Both Bettas and Goldfish enjoy a simple diet or flakes or pellets and would require weekly water changes. Be sure to keep them away from high-traffic areas as too much activity is stressful to any fish. Bettas are aggressive, so you can only have one in a bowl or aquarium. Goldfish do just fine alone or in groups.

Home aquarium

Even if you are a beginner aquarists, you can keep warm-water fish simple to care for. Warm water fish require temperatures between 72-82 degrees, meaning they will require a heater. Easy care species include Black Mollies, White Cloud, Danios, Swordtails and Guppies. These fish can dwell together in a community tank with few problems. These species are hardy, lively, can live on a flake or pellet diets, active, small and long-lasting. The home aquarium would require a 10 percent water change to keep the water fresh and healthy.

Aquariums can be decorated according to your personal taste, using any color preference and the many types of decorations are limitless, so matching any décor would be very easy to do. I personally have a 55-gallon aquarium with one Red-bellied Pacu. My tank is located in my dining room. My living- and dining room consists of off-white and black furniture. My aquarium has white gravel with black slate rock pieces, as well as a solid black background. Before the Pacu grew large, there were also black and white plants as well. The tank is on a black wrought iron stand and blends in perfectly with the surrounding décor. The only downside to an aquarium of this size is not being able to move it around at will. It is in an ideal spot away from windows to prevent algae growth, and it is also away from heavy traffic areas.

The home aquarium is a great conversation piece, as visitors are always enthralled with the size of my Pacu and its care. What started off to fill empty space has evolved into a large aquarium that holds a lone fish species and is a very beautiful decorative accent in my home.

Aquarium light led

Following the aquarium is clear inside you are able to move onto the following actions. Aside from that, you will need to decorate the aquarium also. Should you require it for your home aquarium, you probably are most likely to find it here in our store.

There are many kinds of aquarium lighting intended for different purposes, and not one option directly empowers the fish! It may be necessary for coral and plants, but it's not for the fish. The right lighting for an aquarium depends on the individual set-up and the light demands of the tank’s inhabitants.

Aquarium light led

Aquarium lighting, for instance, can cost you particularly if your purchase is wholly wrong for your objective. It describes any type of artificial lighting that is used to light up an aquarium. It's an important aspect when keeping your aquarium and it's an often overlooked area that can be confusing for a newcomer to aquariums. It's important to feature the successful aquarium and many people do not give it that much importance. Brackish fish tank lighting resembles freshwater and planted tank lighting, based on the species included.

Lighting is a significant portion of having an aquarium that is attractive, and since you browse within this guide, it's very helpful to the plant life, fish and coral you've got in the aquarium too. Lighting ought to be designed at the very best way to mimic natural daylight. You only need to understand a few things so you select the ideal aquarium lighting for your tanks needs.

Fluorescent lighting is really the most normal lighting kit system today. Aquarium light led is getting to be one of the most well-known choices for aquarium hobbyists. The LED lighting is also famous for its flexibility, allowing users to add particular colors or additional lighting modules on the way.

Lights are among the most significant components of your aquarium habitat. The light it puts out is awesome. There are a variety of reasons to find the best lights and a lot of diverse options to select from. When selecting the appropriate LED aquarium lights, you might wonder what you must think about.

For a fish only aquarium, you might use any kind of aquarium kit you desire. There are many creative procedures for placing lights within the aquarium. The form of aquarium light you require for your fish tank really depends on what you intend on keeping in your aquarium. Aquarium light led can be set up in the shape of a retro kit that is usually set up in the wooden canopy or fully incorporated aquarium light fixture. LED aquarium lights are far better than fluorescent lighting for a lot of reasons.

Now LED lights are developed in an adequate and sufficient supply of light for all kinds of aquariums. It can cost you more upfront to acquire better aquarium light led which will last longer, but, it will help you save money down the street since you will not need to fuss with buying new components and bulbs each time something breaks. A normal incandescent light doesn't work nicely for aquariums.

Building an aquarium

You are finally pulling the trigger and looking to building an aquarium. There are some important considerations you should keep in mind when starting that will help you make the best decisions:

Building an aquarium

1) What kind of tank are you even looking for? This is probably the most logical but challenging place to start. Be cautious of out-doing yourself in your first aquarium and taking on too much to handle. A good tip is to start smaller and then build up as you gain more experience and expertise in the hobby. Some good starter size tanks are 10 gallons, 20 gallons, and 29 gallons.

2) How much is your budget for building an aquarium? This might be obvious from someone on the outside, but it is easy to get caught up in spending hundreds of dollars on your first visit to the store. Make sure you plan out your expenses prior to shopping to avoid purchasing unexpected products. This budget will help determine what kind of aquarium you can build. Freshwater is easier and less costly to build. I built a healthy 20-gallon freshwater aquarium in under $150, but yours could vary. For a saltwater aquarium, make sure you do your research in product costs and maintenance costs. It is not uncommon to spend upwards of $1,000, especially for a reef aquarium.

3) Building an aquarium is not a sprint, it's a marathon. The key to building a beautiful and desirable aquarium is time. You're new to the aquarium will need time to filter your water and build the correct levels within the tank to maintain a survivable and healthy environment. Especially for saltwater reef aquariums, time is key to your success. Be patient and enjoy your journey, even when your aquarium is growing into what you want it to be.

4) Understand maintenance is a recurring task. Maintaining an aquarium can be challenging. Just like you work to keep your home clean, an aquarium requires the same effort from you to make sure the aquarium environment remains sustainable. Make sure you have the time to invest in maintaining your aquarium or find an aquarium maintenance company to help maintain your aquarium for you. Investing in equipment to assist you in cleaning your aquarium can be invaluable. Filtration systems are almost always a need, protein skimmers can be used for saltwater tanks, and even the live rock and sand can be used as an additional level of filtration.

Fish medications

Fish medications


This usually involves the application of a paste/gel onto an external lesion (e.g. applying dilute Betadine over a bacterial skin infection).

PARENTERAL (i.e. via injection)

Intramuscular (IM)

This is the most commonly used method for antibiotic injection. Aim for the muscle block just ventral and caudal to the dorsal fin. The needle should be positioned between the scales and aimed at coming in from a caudo-rostral angle. Inject slowly to prevent reflux. The medication is rapidly dispersed by the rich blood supply. This procedure is suggested for gravid females and not prescribed for little fish and fish with little muscle mass. The disadvantage of this method is that the injection site may discolor (aim for dark-colored areas on the fish so that melanisation will not show).

Intraperitoneal (IP)

Place the fish on its side or on its back to allow the peritoneal organs to gravitate away from the body wall. Insert the needle into this space at a shallow point to abstain from entering the inside organs. This is a common route of administrating vaccines as it is done on small fish and will not harm the flesh. It is also good for administrating "painful" medications such as enrofloxacin. The disadvantages of this method are:

• damaging the peritoneal organs or

• If injected into the ovary, the drug will not redistribute to the rest of the body, and

• If injected into the intestinal lumen, the drug will be excreted.

Intravenous (IV)

Fish must be anaesthetised. Insert the needle midline and at 90 to 45 degrees, needle pointing towards the front, just caudal to the ventral fin. Stop just short of the spine. This procedure is utilized more-ordinarily for drawing blood than for controlling fish medications.

ORAL Per os

This is a common delivery method for antibiotics on large farms for ease of fish medications large numbers of fish and also minimizes handling stress. However, the delivery of the correct doses to each individual fish is difficult (sick fish are usually inappetence, and it is these that should actually be receiving the medication). Medication is sprayed onto the food, impregnated into the food, or prepared with food coated with medicated gelatin, agar or oil. Depending on the drug, this medicated food may sometimes be less palatable. It is recommended to reduce the amount of food fed per day by 25-50%.

Gastric intubation

If fish are not eating, they can be anaesthetized and force-fed via a stomach tube. Use a 3mm outer diameter catheter and a 5ml syringe (for larger fish, use a 6mm outer diameter with a 20ml syringe). Administer 1.0-1.15 ml/kg body weight. Due to the high pressure needed to deliver the suspension, the tube may need to be glued to the syringe with cyanoacrylate (e.g. super glue).



This is useful for external parasitic infections and involves using relatively high concentrations of drugs dissolved in the water of a treatment tank. Fish are held in nets and briefly immersed in the treatment solution and then placed into a hospital/quarantine tank. This is often used for new arrivals. Make sure dips are refreshed regularly.


This is a variation of the 'dip' treatment. It uses lower drug concentration and involves allowing the sick fish to swim in the medicated water for a period ranging between 2-60 minutes. These are useful for external infections, including protozoal, bacterial, and fungal. Commercially, this method is used for vaccinating fish against bacterial infection.

Prolonged immersion/permanent bath

This is yet another variation of fish medications water where very low concentrations of the drug is used, but the length of exposure is increased. This is useful if the parasites have stages in their life cycle when they are refractory to treatment (e.g. white spot disease) - the longer exposure time in the medicated water will increase the chances of killing the parasites when they reach the susceptible stage. This method is also used to reduce osmoregulatory stress when 2-5mg/L of salt (sodium chloride) is added, with other forms of treatment. It is also the most frequently used method where client compliance may be low, as it is the easiest option.

Aquarium fish selection

Aquarium fish selection

Aquarium fish selection for an aquarium tank can be quite a daunting task. However, with the right tips and information, it is possible to choose any variety of fish that is well suited to the tank.

Some of the most common types of ornamental fish include goldfish, guppies, platies, molly fish and so forth. Most of these varieties are imported from different countries, such as Thailand and Hong Kong. Aquariums are known to add a unique charm and vibrancy to a place. It also adds to the decor of a home or office space when the elements are chosen carefully.

Some Useful Tips:

Pick Right Type Fish: Some breeds are known to have specific feeding habits, and this can lead to excessive accumulation of nitrate and other waste materials in the water. These waste materials can be detrimental to the fish.

Good Species: It is also important to choose species resistant to diseases, active and hardy. Correct aquarium fish selection breeds which appear to be healthy without signs of white patches, frayed fins, discoloured skin and so forth. It must be able to withstand the changing conditions of the aquarium and even adapt to several other conditions in the tank. Some pets are vulnerable and lonely. It may stop feeding and become sick suddenly.

Similar Community: Choosing fish from the same community is an excellent idea, as it will provide the required balance in the tank. These pets exhibit similar characters and require the same water temperature and chemistry.

Reputable Stores: It is always important to buy from pet stores that maintain proper hygiene. The tanks must be sanitized once in a while and sick pets must be quarantined. Remember to visit the store before buying the pet to evaluate the feeding habits and the health of the fish.

Peaceful Community: It is also important to choose fish that belong to a peaceful community. There are many aggressive breeds of tropical fish that feed on live fish. Such varieties of fish also require a large space in the tank.

Size of Tank: Another important factor to consider before buying pets is the size of the aquarium or tank. It is essential to buy pets according to the size of the tank. Too many fish in the tank can lead to poor water quality and accumulation of ammonia. The type, size and the filters of the tanks must be considered before buying pets.

It is easy to find different ornamental fish on many of the online stores too affordable price rates. However, it is essential to know about different breeds before buying these varieties of fish from online stores. Even though there are many stores that showcase and sell different types of fish, it is essential to choose the right breeds that can be maintained hygienically in the tank.

Aquarium plumbing ideas

If you have any desire to move beyond goldfish and guppies and into the exciting world of saltwater reef aquariums, you are going to have to tackle the basics of plumbing your aquarium. Many of the invertebrates you work with in a reef aquarium require a strong flow of water running constantly through the setup. This water movement is critical for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide and removing waste products produced by live coral and other creatures you may have in your aquarium.

Aquarium plumbing ideas

Some important aquarium plumbing ideas as below.

Flexible Line and PVC

When considering the plumbing of your aquarium, you have a choice of setting your system up with a flexible line or PVC piping. Both have advantages and disadvantages.

The flexible line consists of rubber tubing, which can be bent into configurations much more easily than the solid plastic of PVC piping. This makes it convenient for plumbing small aquarium setups, where you don't have lots of room to work out the plumbing details. This ability to bend as you go also makes installing flexible tubing easier and faster than PVC piping, and it is also easier to replace the tubing if your aquarium system should suddenly spring a leak. To attach the tubing to your plumbing system, you will need to purchase clamps that are the same size as the tube.

On the flip side, the flexibility of tubing makes it more liable to a kink, which can restrict water flow to your aquarium. This forces the return pump to work harder, thereby shortening the life of this piece of equipment. Another disadvantage is that the most flexible line is transparent, which can create issues of organic growth inside the tube if it is exposed to light for very long.

For larger tanks and situations where high pressure is part of the system, PVC pipe is the best choice. PVC is made of rigid plastic, which doesn't kink and is much less likely to break. Because it comes in a variety of sizes, you can buy straight tee fittings, 45 degree elbows, and 90 degree elbows, and create a system that ranges from a drain and return loop all the way to a setup that includes multiple aquariums connected together by plumbing. Adding more plumbing to your system is an easy process with PVC pipe parts. Also, PVC pipe is opaque, so you avoid algae growth in your system.

One disadvantage to a plumbing system based on PVC piping is that the parts are usually glued together. Unless you created the system with several threaded connections screwed together, you will have to see the piping apart whenever your plumbing has an issue. Another disadvantage to PVC pipe is its inflexibility. Sometimes the plumbing ends up sticking out more than flexible tubing, which can hug the aquarium and be tucked out of the way.

Other Plumbing Pieces

Besides pipes and connectors, you will need some other pieces in an aquarium plumbing job. For instance, good ball valves let you control the flow of water or even shut the water off temporarily. A ball valve opens and shuts by a swing arm which moves the half circle shaped plastic element inside the valve, increasing or reducing the amount of liquid that can move through the hole in the valve. A PVC ball valve operates without using any o-rings or washers, so it is less likely to wear out.

Another handy piece when you are doing your own plumbing is known as a union coupling. Also referred to as a union valve, it consists of three sections: female and male ends, plus an oversized nut that connects the two ends together. The union coupling is a hand tightened, instead of being glued into place. Even better, this coupling gives you easy access to parts of your aquarium plumbing that require maintenance or cleaning, such as inline heaters and chillers, reactors, UV sterilizers, and that space between the return pump's outlet and the remaining plumbing.

Bulkhead slips are a necessary piece of equipment after you've drilled a hole in the walls of your aquarium to install more plumbing, because it transforms a hole in the glass to a location where you can attach plumbing to the glass. The bulkhead slip consists of two pieces of plastic that push together from each side of the glass. Gaskets at the union prevent the system from leaking. You can choose among three versions of bulkhead slips: slip to a thread, thread to slip, and slip to slip.

Fish tank heaters how they work

The temperature of the fish tank is absolutely critical for the well-being of the species of fish inhabiting it. Unlike human beings and warm-blooded pets, species of fish tend to not generate their unique physique heat. They must rely on the temperature of the water to regulate their internal temperature. The fish aquarium heaters how they work all information below covers and everything you need to understand regarding heating units, and will cover types of fish tank heaters, sizes, and placement of the heater.

Fish tank heaters how they work

Deciding on the fish tank heater how they work with your aquarium tank isn't difficult as long as you recognize the variances between several fish tank heaters. There are several basic aquarium tank heating units; immersible heating units, submersible heating units, substrate heating units, and filtration system heating units. Depending on the size of your tank and additional components such as a sump, you may have to decide what will work best for your aquarium.

Figuring out which kind of water heater to acquire for your aquarium tank is just the main picture. Heaters occur in several sizes and power ratings. Are you still undecided as to what exact size water heater you need for your aquarium tank? There is a way to analyze the proper sizing water heater, using the size of your tank and desired temperature. Once you know what size heater, you need and the heater; you are ready to select the brand. Please read reviews online or on the fish tank heater site at the end of the article to see what heaters are worth buying.

Many species of fish that want warmed-up water for ideal health and fitness (such as the Betta) are held in small tanks or containers. Regrettably, mini tanks and smaller types of fish tanks could be a difficult task to heat adequately. In past times, a couple of years maybe, a range of small heating units were introduced towards the aquarium tank market place. Have a look at these types heating units specifically made for mini aquariums if you own a tank less than 10 gallons in volume. They are typically marketed as "nano" or "pico" heaters and get the job done fairly well without the risk of over-heating the tank with a full-sized fish tank heater.

Once you purchase a fish tank heater, the next step is deciding where to place it in the tank. Should the item become located in the middle or off to a side? Can you route the current more efficiently? Will it possibly make a difference? There are many simple, although crucial, tips for proper water heater placement. A little trial and error also goes a long way. You may want to invest in a thermometer probe to accurately monitor the aquarium temperature.

Even under great conditions, issues can certainly occur. Essentially, the most frequent undesired event is usually a water heater that decides to break without warning. In the event that you are worried about this happening, you must think of utilizing a water heater safeguard. You'll want to have it when you need it. You might as well throw it in the cart when you buy the heater.

Another difficult fish tank heater task is usually through the summer whenever aquarium tank water temperatures increase along with ambient temperature. At times, turning off the fish tank heater isn't really ample to stop hazardously excessive water temperatures, and extra measures are needed and keep the species of fish cool. One can add cups of cold water, but that is quite time consuming. Chillers exist and are essentially the opposite of the heater. If you're roughly in the middle hemisphere, you might as well throw a chiller in the cart with your fish tank heater and heater safeguard.

From the wintertime, the opposite issue can occur. This is especially true should your water heater not be able to provide enough heat during the winter time of the year, and measures should be taken in order to keep the species of fish warm. Either a stronger heater, or ideally a second heater should be considered as well. Two heaters will ensure the tank doesn't get too out of line should one fail. Even if your 300-Watt heater is twice as strong as a 150-Watt heater, should it decide not to turn on then it becomes a 0-Watt heater. Might as well throw a second heater in the cart.

Hopefully, you will have a better idea of fish tank heaters how they work and what type of fish tank heater to purchase. Once you have an ideal system in place, you won't have to worry because you know the aquarium temperature will be constant and if something were to fail, there are safeguards in place to prevent disaster.

Maintenance of aquarium

Maintenance of aquarium performed is an important piece of having a beautiful tank and healthy fish. If you want to make sure that everything is working properly and that there are little to no issues, you need this by your side. You have to keep in mind that if you use chemicals incorrectly or if the job is not done in the best manner possibly, your fish are going to suffer as a result. Risking this is not something that you should want. With the opportunities and skills available through a professional, you do not have to worry about doing it on your own. You can trust the work that is being done.

Maintenance of aquarium

Having an aquarium gives you the chance to view the beauty of marine life from your own home or office. You will be able to watch as they swim and live their lives, and all in a stunning tank that you were able to put together or have a professional put together. While this is an incredible sight to see, a tank needs to receive continued and proper maintenance for it to stay at its best. If you neglect it, you are going to run into various issues. This includes the health of what is living inside as well as the appearance of the tank itself. Having it maintained properly can make a major difference for you.

On your own, maintenance of aquarium can be difficult. You have to know not only the right chemicals to use but also the proper amounts and what the fish in the tank need. There are different requirements for different fish and water types, too. You need to make sure that what you are using and doing is appropriate for the type of fish in the tank and the type of water. By making sure that everything meets their needs and helps them to be healthier, a more beautiful tank will follow.

Trusting professional aquarium maintenance is likely going to be your best option. This gives you access to knowledge and the proper equipment. You will be able to manage issues a lot more easily and you will be able to care for your fish the way that they need you to. You will also have access to professional level, quality products that can do the job in a much better way. It will help to clean the tank thoroughly and it will improve the overall condition for the fish living inside of it. You need to depend on this work if you want to be sure that your fish will survive for longer and will be as healthy as possible.

Having a beautiful tank is possible with continued aquarium maintenance. This helps to make sure that everything is looking great while in the best condition possible. It improves the lives of the marine life inside while keeping it stunning visually. This can be complex, especially when you do not know a lot about it. So you are going to want a professional handling the work.

How to take care of fish

One of the most basic needs for your fish is healthy fish food. Just like human beings, fish need certain nutrients to grow and to thrive. If they don't eat well, they are much more likely to suffer from stress or to become ill. When one fish becomes ill, the disease often spreads and affects other members of the tank. Fish need to have a well-balanced diet with a lot of variety, which means you need to offer them various kinds of fish food. So before buying any fishes we should know how to take care of fish. Fortunately, there are a lot of different choices available for your aquarium fish.

How to take care of fish

Basic Food Needs.

All aquarium fish have basic food needs which include protein, lipids (fats), carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. However, there can be some variation as to the amount of these needs depending on the kind of fish. For example, carnivorous fish will require high-protein diets while herbivorous fish will need more vegetables. Generally speaking, your fish need about 3% of their body weight once or twice a day. However, because the fish to do not require large amounts of food, It is quite important to feed them the right foods so that they will receive all the nutrients they need.

Fish Food Types

Flake food is by far the most popular and easiest to find of fish feed. Unfortunately, processed foods like these, as well as pellets and granules, are not high in nutrition. They lose much of their nutrients in processing. They should not be the basis of the diet of your aquarium fish. You can keep your fish healthier by giving them a steady diet of live, freeze-dried and/or frozen foods along with some of the processed foods. Some of the most popular of the live foods which can also be found frozen or freeze-dried are bloodworms, white worms, daphnia and brine shrimp. If flake foods are still your primary choice, choose ones that have been formulated for the particular kind of fish that you have or select one that has been enriched with vitamins or minerals. After collecting several different kinds of fish food, you can try a schedule of different types of food over the course of several days.

Food Amounts

There are several different recommendations for the amount of food to give your fish. However, a good rule of thumb is to feed them as much as they can eat in about a minute or two. Overfeeding your fish can cause several problems. For example, they can become obese. Also, uneaten fish food will fall to the bottom of the tank and create a lot of organic waste. This can result in a couple of problems. One result could be high levels of ammonia which could cause ammonia poisoning. Another problem that could result is the growth of algae in your tank. Some algae is natural and normal and means your water is healthy. Also fish often like to nibble on it, but too much algae will make your fish tank unsightly and could turn your water green. So, if you limit the amount of fish food you give your fish, they will be less likely to overindulge and this will also result in less waste build-up in your substrate.

Although limiting the amount of food you feed your fish will help to keep down the build-up of waste, you will need a little help to keep your water clear, clean and healthy. Beneficial bacteria does that in nature and eventually will find their way into your tank. There are also several products available which you can add to your aquarium to boost the levels of bacteria. The bacteria do the work of breaking down organic waste into safer by products creating a healthy ecosystem in your fish tank. Hopefully, you will have a better idea of how to take care of fish.