Sunday, October 27, 2019

The basic ideas of Horse farming and how to care them

Horse farming

I am discussing the basic ideas of horse farming and how to care of them.

Horse farming
Horse farming

Horses are herbivorous and exhibit hindgut fermentation. So for a successful horse farming, it is essential to exercise proper feeding management in horses to obstruct both overfeeding and underfeeding. The salient features are highlighted regarding feeding.

1. Do not provide nonnitrogenous protein substances like urea to horses of all categories as they can not digest like ruminants.

2. Horses should be provided dry matter at least 1.5% of body weight.

3. Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 2.7 for light breeds

Body weight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.1 for medium breeds

Bodyweight (kg)= heart girth (cm)* 3.5 for heavy breeds

4. The most common concentrated feed given to a horse is oats, barley, gram, and wheat bran.

5. As far as green forage is concerned, the best fodder is lucerne (either green or hay).

6. For better utilization and assimilation of nutrients, the whole daily ration may be divided into 4-6 separate meals.

7. Regularity in feeding, avoid full feeding before and after exercise and changing, ration composition gradually are most important symbols in horse feeding.

8 In horses, fodder roughage is given before grains. but if chopped fodder is available, then it can be mixed with grains or concentrate.

9. No group feeding is advised as far as grain feeding is concerned.

10. To avoid mineral deficiency, daily 25-40 gm mineral the mixture is added with concentrates.

11. A horse (without work) weighing 400 kg body weight will require probably 0.38 kg Digestible crude protein (DCP), 20 gm calcium, 20 gm phosphorous and 70mg carotene.

12. For medium work, it requires 0.86 kg DCP, 50 gm Calcium, 50 gm phosphorous and 135 mg carotene.

13. And for heavy work, it requires 1.10 kg DCP, 60 gm calcium, 60 gm phosphorus, and 170 mg carotene.

14. Horses should not be watered at least 20-30 minutes before and after vigorous exercise.

15. The requirement of drinking water is 36liters per day and may vary according to seasons as in summer the demand for water increases.

16. For general practice, it is to provide water before feeding.

17. In general watering schedules, watering should be done three times a day in summer and twice a day in other seasons.

18. Horses are seasonally polyestrous. Early spring is considered as best breeding time in India.

19. puberty is attained at 18 months.

20. Mating should be allowed at 3 yrs of age when it attains 75% of body weight,

21. The estrous cycle is 21 days and the duration of heat is 4-6 days.

22. There should be bred 2 to 3 days after the appearance of heat symptoms.

23. The tail of the mare should be bandaged and kept away to one side to not interfere during copulation.

24. For breeding, one stallion is sufficient for 30-40 mares.

25. A stallion should be used 5 times a week.

26. One most observable sight at the time of parturition is the appearance of beads of wax on teats one or two days before delivery.

Basic horse care

Basic horse care


For basic horse care essential Oils and how it applies to use with horses; We will explore some of their histories, how you may have been misled by some information on their safe use, and even on how they work.

Essential Oils themselves have been around for hundreds of years and in today's world more and more people are turning to their use for use on themselves and their animals and specifically the horse.

Using these various oils within the equine industry has a somewhat limited historic time frame since it has only been started to be accepted within the last few years. It has been the acceptance of the use of Essential Oils that have allowed many new advances within specific equine-based protocols. We have been using our own proprietary Essential Oil Blends for over three years and have given us a better understanding of what to look for and how to relate to a specific need of your horse.

Getting back to the background of Essential Oils; Each oil contains hundreds of compounds that have been found useful to aid in specific problems. People have asked, "What Will a certain Essential Oil do?"; well, the correct question should be "What do you want the Essential Oil to do?". The truth of the matter is that an essential oil can and often reacts differently for each individual or animal that it is introduced to. It is at this point that you must learn to trust your, or your animal's, body's reaction to the oil that is being presented. The important point to realize is that each individual oil is a mixture of compounds and that the same oil is never a single organic compound. Remember, there is an old saying, "The nose knows".

Best horse supplements

Best horse supplements

So now that we have somewhat covered the way that people and animals respond to the use of these oils, let's look at how they work. As we now know, As the best horse supplements essential Oils are compiled of many compounds in a single oil and our bodies, as well as our animals, have comparative compounds that allow them to interact with the seven major organ systems, such as; the lymphatic system, the nervous system, the digestive system, and so on. What this reverts back to is analyzing the root of the problem and seeing what can be done to correct it, and not focusing on the symptom of the problem itself. If you are to focus on taking care of just one symptom, you will never take care of the root of the problem; The only results you will receive are additional symptoms. Essential Oils are known to be able to treat both the physical side and the emotional side of any problem that arises.

We continually stress that when working with horses and introducing them to the use of Essential Oils, it always needs to be done through the use of "Aromatherapy" rather than any other method. We follow this path due to the fact that there are some Essential Oils are not to be digested, and it is always better to be overly cautious and not create a problem. The second reason that we stress this method is that many oils in their full strength can harm a horse's skin since their skin is more sensitive than human skin. Horses, to safely use an Essential Oil that is applied topically need the oil to be diluted to only 2.5% factor of containing the actual oil or blend of oils; that is to say, that a "carrier" oil needs to be 97.5%. The Proprietary Essential Oil Blends that we use are diluted to the 2.5% ration and are safe to use topically and through the use of aromatherapy.

Another important point to bring out is that there are no proteins in any essential oil, so there can be no allergic reaction to any of these oils. It is the proteins in various items that create an allergic reaction to that specific item.

In case you might be wondering how all this comes together and interacts; it is accomplished through basically one very small area of the brain. In fact, the area I am referring to is about the size and shape of an almond. That part of the brain is called the "Amygdala" which more or less is involved with your horse's emotion. The emotion that is referred to here, when looking at the brain of the horse, based in fear and rage; this emotion is not feeling sad, being proud, or any other points that we experience. It is much more in the area of being primitive in nature as well as instinctive and reacts in that manner.

Horse essential oil

The Amygdala is part of the "limbic system" of the brain that does consist of this same primitive area. It is this system of the brain that leads to many of your horse's unresolved issues and where they tend to be located. We bring all the factors that have affected them in the past forward from time to time. The reason that I bring this point forward is that this is one of the main and controlling areas of stress-production and it is the area that can be affected the most through the use of Essential Oils since this area is directly affected through the nasal passages. Stress produces fear and fear produces a flight response, so being able to relate to the true problem helps to both understand the root of the problem and give us a path to follow that will allow for correction of the problem.

Essential Oils can play within the entire scope of the Equine Industry over the next few years. I believe that the use of Essential Oils and the knowledge needed to use them correctly will expand greatly. There will also be greater acceptance of the use of these oils throughout the entire horse community and I base that on the fact that people are understanding that many of these oils is and has been used in many products they acquire.

Let's look at one simple product that has been marketed for decades, "Bengay" cream that has been used for years as a topical cream for relief of aches and pain. The main active ingredient is Methyl salicylate and the active ingredient in Wintergreen Essential Oil is methyl salicylate; The only difference is that Bengay contains 30% methyl salicylate and Wintergreen Essential Oil contains 99% methyl salicylate. This kind of information has opened the door for people to understand that they have been using the properties of many oils for years and not even knowing it. It has also shown that the abilities of these oils are proven and accepted, just not openly.

I have seen a true acceptance of the use of Essential Oils by the horses, if not by the owners most times. I have found that horses don't lie; it will either work or it will not, it is that simple. That is what I base my prediction of the future growth of the use of these oils within the horse community there will be opposition, but opposition can be overcome with education and dedication. We will continue to work with the entire horse community to expand the use of Essential Oils and other alternative protocols; because we understand them and know that they work.

Horse feed

Horse feed

When I was advised to give in my horse feed Nathy, a mineral supplement to improve his health and wellbeing, I decided I wanted to take a natural approach. Of all the minerals I found four horses most were metallic, which was going against the way I wanted to approach supplementing Nathy.

The word Metallic is enough to turn me off feeding these minerals to my horse. I wanted something more natural. I came across a brand of horse minerals that are plant-based and all-natural. With 74 plus plant ingredients to keep a horse healthy and happy, below are just are few.

Premium Horse Mineral Ingredients.

Sea Plants
Age-Old Healing Plants and Herbs
Colloidal Minerals
Moringa Powder
MSM Plant Sulphur
Clay Dolomite
Clay Calcium Bentonite
Natural plant minerals are better for a horse digestive system and also absorb easier than non-plant-derived minerals. Eating natural, healthy products can improve human wellbeing, so should the same not apply to our animals.
Humans rarely go well on high starch or high sugar, which leads to diseases like diabetes. Diabetes can raise the risk of a heart attack or stroke by 50%. If we can improve a horse diet with healthy feed and natural supplements, it has to be better than feeding them unhealthy feed filled with sugar and starch.

If humans can get a disease like diabetes, it is crazy to think a horse would be immune to this. Horses shouldn't have too much sugar; it can lead to laminitis and even insulin resistance, much like a person with type 2 diabetes. It's important for us to give our horses a well-balanced diet, so they stay gut healthy and avoid diseases such as insulin resistance and laminitis.

Minerals play an important part in a horse's overall health, and natural minerals are a better choice to help a horse digestive system and overall wellbeing. Horses can't tell us how they feel or what is causing them pain and discomfort, but they can show us by either physical, emotional or by their overall behavior. Most bad behavior by a horse is caused by pain, or if they are uncomfortable, if we don't listen to them these behaviors will only get worse and could cause harm to the horse owner.

To stop this from happening, a well-balanced diet is essential... listen to your horse. My horse told me I need to find out about Australia's best-kept secret, Paradise Nutrients.

Horse worms

One of the many health issues or problems your horse may acquire or get is worms or internal parasites.

But how does a horse get these worms? Since your horse loves to spend time in the pastures, your pet munches on the grass present outside. Your horse, though, may not be munching on clean grass or even on grass alone. There are parasitic larvae present in the pasture. And since your horse also eats clover and other grains present on the ground, your pet may also swallow some undesirable bugs, bots, and worms.

If these harmful worms are not treated immediately, your horse will become ill with a parasitic infestation. These internal parasites can cause serious damage to the horse's heart, liver, lungs, and other harmful and even deadly diseases.

To prevent worms from proliferating in your horse's internal systems and to control and get rid of them, you need to regularly deworm your pet. Veterinarians recommend that horse owner have their pets undergo deworming at least four times a year.

For the deworming process to work, your horse needs to swallow or ingest the correct amount of prescribed deworming paste. You may, however, encounter problems or difficulties in carrying out the deworming process. Below are some tips you can follow to make the deworming process easier for you and your pet horse:

• Make sure you give your horse the correct deworming medication. This needs to be the right one that your vet prescribed for your pet.

• Don't make a big fuss about the deworming process. You want your horse to stay relaxed and calm during the whole process.

• Use the a deworming tube or a clean and unused syringe tube to administer or give the paste to your pet horse. Using the tube is the easiest and simplest way for you to give the paste to your pet.

• For your horse to swallow all the paste you give him or her, mix the medicine with some delicious treats or food. You can mix the paste in the apple juice your horse will drink or with a wet carrot or apple mash that your pet will have for breakfast.

• You can use some calming remedies or techniques if your horse remains overly anxious.

• If your horse is still not being cooperative at all or keeps spitting out the deworming paste, you can consider bringing your pet to an expert veterinarian. The vet will have all the experience and expertise in handling this important task.

Horse care

Horse care

The most important things you will need as a horse owner are money and time. Horses are expensive to own and care for, and you also need time to care for them properly. How much it costs to own a horse varies according to where you live, how your horse is kept and how much of the day to daycare you do yourself. At the very least, you will need to look into the costs of:

• Livery, stabling, and grazing

• Feed, hay, and supplements

• Vaccinations, worming treatments and routine veterinary checks and treatments and veterinary care for unforeseen medical requirements

• Shoeing and hoof care

• Insurance

• Tack

Stableyard essentials like buckets, feed bins, brooms, etc.

• Any horse rugs that may be required

• Bedding

• Riding clothes and equipment

Also, don't forget the cost of getting to and from where you're the horse is kept and any extra cost if you're away or unwell and unable to look after your horse.

In terms of time, how much you need will vary according to how much of the day to care you intend to do yourself. If you go for part or full livery, some or all of this can be done for you, at a reasonable expense, but you still need to have time to spend with your horse and ride them a few times a week. If you plan to carry out most of the care yourself, you will need several hours a day to get everything done and you will probably need to go both morning and evening.

2. Essential Horse Equipment


• Saddle with leathers and stirrups

• Girth

• Saddle Pad

Headcollar and lead rope

• Bridle, reins and bit

• Rugs/blankets/sheets

Grooming kit basics:

• Hoof pick

• Body brush

• Mane and tail brush

Stable equipment

• Feed and water buckets

• Hay Rack/Net

• Bedding

• Stable mats

• Stall guard

• Salt block and holder

3. Basic Horse Riding Clothing

Riding Hat - The most important piece of clothing, essential for safety.

Boots - With a heel and sturdy toe, these can be a long riding boots, jodhpur boots or paddock boots - you might find you need over one type.

Jodhpurs - Essential for a comfortable ride.

4. First Aid Kit

For you and your horse, the basics:

• Gauze Pads

• Self-Adhesive Bandage

• Scissors and tweezers

• Antibiotic Cream

• Iodine

• Rubber Gloves

You might also want to consider fly repellents and treatments, hoof treatments and wound powder for minor cuts and scrapes.

5. Advice

Owning a horse for the first time is a massive undertaking. It's helpful to have people around who are experienced and can offer help and advice.

Basic horse care for beginners

Basic horse care for beginners

Most of the people owning a horse are of the opinion that equine supplements are a quick fix remedy for providing an immediate result on the health of their pony. An effective diet that is created by a supplement can let the animal to attend the standing of the equine elites. It is essential that high-grade foods and even supplements should be provided to the animal that is continuously engaged in performances like races for at least three weeks before the competition and even during it for making sure that it can provide its peak performance. This type of feeding will also make sure that the interior damage caused mainly to the muscular tissues of the animal can be restored when it is continued even after three weeks of the event.

To ensure that the inadequacies are eliminated, the horse should be fed with nearly 50% of oats in combination with regular supplementation with about 40% of hay or grass. The remaining should be derived from barley, chaff, bran, wheat and quality supplements at all levels. High-quality grass can meet 15% of the protein requirement of the horses, while poor quality food can just meet 2.5 percent of the protein requirement of a performing animal.

When feeding the pony with dietary supplements, it is again, especially helpful in identifying the products that are placed in these natural supplements. Dietary fiber is one among them. An optimum level of fiber is included in vitamin supplements available in the market for horses. This will ensure good digestive function and will bring together important nutrients.

Besides different supplements like equine supplements, there are some online stores dealing with different farm products and even grooming supplies. In addition, they have different products like whips, treats, stable products, shampoo and conditioners, horse wear products, and first aid products for the animals.

The equine is known to be rich in Vitamin E content and this food can make your horse be energetic and he can perform well and can earn you good money from competitions. Not only for this purpose, but if you are growing a pony just as a hobby or as a pet animal, when the right foods are provided she can lead a healthier and active life and even some online stores are dealing with first aid products.

Horse breeding information

Horse breeding information

The most natural method of breeding horses is when the stallion runs loose with the mares; However, nowadays there are three other main methods used:

Artificial insemination where semen is collected from the stallion and placed into the mare artificially

In-hand breeding, where a stallion and mare are brought together in hand under controlled circumstances

Embryo transfer when an embryo is taken from one mare and implanted into another who will carry it for the full term of the pregnancy

Allowing a stallion to run with his mares is the most traditional method, and the horses can behave as they would in their natural wild state. However, it is not a method that is widely practiced in commercial studs due to management disadvantages. In this situation, it is never possible to be certain which mares have been mated and on what dates. The risk of injury is also very high and such injuries can be difficult to spot or to treat as the stallions rarely welcome human contact in their herd.

Breeding is the most commonly used method in commercial studs. The mare and the stallion are brought together and held by handlers. Mares are frequently placed in hobbles to avoid kicks and injuries to valuable stallions. This method allows for much greater management and veterinary intervention ensuring that the mare is at her peak time to conceive before presenting to the stallion and that due dates are known.

Artificial insemination has become a lot more common as it is making breeding with top stallions accessible to all. It also reduces the management of the mares as they can be inseminated at home or at their local vets rather than having to travel to the stallion. It does require a high level of expertise and veterinary help to produce high fertility rates. Many stallions can be taught to use an artificial vagina that collects the semen. This is then chilled or frozen if not used immediately and can then be shipped to a mare anywhere around the world.

Embryo transfer is the most modern of the methods and has been developed or performance horses to allow competition mares to carry on competing whilst still producing progeny. This technique means it is also possible for the mare to produce over one foal a year and does not put the strain on the body that having several foals over a lifetime would. The embryo is taken and transferred to a recipient mare that is used just to produce the foal thus allowing the donor mare to get back to a competitive life.

Horse supplements

If you are an aspiring horse rider and if you have been reading a lot of horse riding magazines lately or even if you have been riding horses for decades, you have probably noticed that there are dozens if not hundreds of different horse supplements that you can buy today.

From joint supplements and callers to digestive aids and garlic supplements... There are dozens of different products to choose from, and each one of these products has a lot of different formulations.

In today's article, I would like to talk with you about different feed balancer formulations. This information should help you choose the right feed balancer for your horse, but before we'll get into specifics, I, first, want to talk with you about why should you supplement your horse's diet with a feed balancer.

The fact is that quite a lot of horses all over the world suffer from nutrient deficiency and their organisms don't get as many vitamins, minerals, and nutrients as they need. Because of this nutrient deficiency, quite a lot of horses do not look and feel as good as they could, and this is where feed balancers come into play. Feed balancers are just like multi-vitamin supplements for humans; they are packed with all the essential vitamins and minerals that the horse's body needs.

Now, once we know about why supplement your horse's diet with an equine feed balancer, let's talk about different balancer formulations. For these supplements, there are four main types of balancer formulations:

Everyday use
Low calorie
Each of these formulations has different nutrient ratios. For example, performance feed balancers are for horses that compete or that have relatively high workloads. Such equine balancers might contain more energy and more minerals such as iron and copper, which are known as blood building agents. Supplementation of iron and copper will increase the number of red blood cells which in effect will improve oxygen transportation around the horse's body. The end result is improved performance and endurance.

Veteran balancers, on the other hand, might have a lower caloric content, but they might contain additional ingredients such as MSM and Glucosamine is needed to strengthen and support the horse's joints.

When it comes to balancers, everything depends on your horse's age, workload, current diet, current condition, and any previous ailments. Before spending your money on any horse supplement, you need to do a lot of research to know which product is the best for your horse.

I hope this information will help all of us for successful horse farming and breeding.

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